Designing Test Variables
Test variables can be a good way of altering the workload by controlling these variables. These variables will depend on the maturity of the software that's being tested. The variables are named Vx (e.g. V1, V2, etc).
What to Measure?
Most performance tools measure round-trip response times. "Round trip" can be defined as the time taken between the request being sent from the client and the response received from the server. Round-trip time includes the network time that is not a constant depending on the environment in which the test is conducted, the external dependencies on databases, and network latency. Hence, round-trip response times are not an accurate indicator of the performance of the application. You should measure the server-side response times from the server logs and compare them with the round-trip times to chart how the response times vary depending on the network traffic during different times of the day. It might also be a good idea to run an all-day workload and get measurement of response times at sample intervals of time to get an average number. In our case, we also measured parameters like average number of transactions/sec, hits/sec, throughput, etc., as shown in Graphs A, B, and C.