Are you frustrated with vendors of test automation tools that do not tell you the whole story about what it takes to automate testing? Are you tired of trying to implement test automation without breaking the bank and without overloading yourself with work? I've experienced first hand why people find test automation difficult, and I've developed useful ways to cut testing costs. We must focus on simple tools that produce results. Testing is like systems development. If you want quality results, start with quality requirements. You should not start with test automation; you start with an organized approach to QA testing that will facilitate test automation. This paper explains how you can succeed when you address the real costs and benefits of test automation.
Testing, or test automation, is not rocket science. Some people make it more complicated than necessary. All you need to succeed is a good testing process that embodies a vision of what works and what does not work. As you select applications ripe for test automation you will find some that are better tested with manual approaches. Your overall approach must be consistent. You must avoid the cost of duplication. Most people are not even sure what they mean by test automation. What is test automation? Is test automation simply capture/replay processing? Is test automation programming in some script-like language?
Capture/replay works to fill time slots on a glut of TV channels, since all you change are the commercials to be aired. For software testing, think of the corollary of an old saying: "The more you want things to stay the same, the more things have to be changed". If you want to replay tests, isn’t that because you want to review the effects of change in the application? You will soon discover that updating playback scripts is a maintenance nightmare, since each case is a unique recording.
Contrary to what some experts claim, test automation should not be program development. Linda Hayes called that "writing programs to test programs" and she rightly classified that idea as absurd. Some test automation product vendors want us to believe in a programming paradigm. Many experts lament that testers are too busy with manual testing to write test automation scripts. Some testers may not be qualified to write such test scripts. Is anyone ready to propose we ask development to double their workload? I didn't think so.
To develop any software application, you have to start with fundamentals. Script writing is labor-intensive. It is difficult to maintain scripts. Generally, our initial testing is best done manually, so that we can stabilize application interfaces before we attempt test automation. If we use different OS/Browser combinations, we face the challenge of automating so many interfaces that it will seem a lot less work to just test combinations manually. Of course, the fact that so many tools are only concerned with GUI testing should be a concern to us. Don't we test batch systems? Don’t we need to test individual layers in an N-tier server structure?
People may demonstrate "relative payback alternatives" of manual testing vs. automated test execution in terms of how many test cycles for automation to pay off. What does that mean? Why not focus on the challenge of employing automated tools for any kind of testing? Why not engineer solutions that eliminate a supposed inherent duplication of first establishing manual test scripts and then repeating the effort to produce automated test scripts? Well, IBM has published study results that claim 75% of all testing is still done manually. That means no solution is complete unless it addresses this larger part of the testing needs. I will explain how I created a solution that dramatically reduces the effort of test script creation, and especially of test script maintenance, that provides scripts for manual testing as well as for test automation.
Think about those analyses of breakeven points of manual vs. automated testing that cite a number of automated test sessions after which automated testing becomes cheaper. They seldom account for the need to maintain both manual scripts (as confirmed by IBM) and automation scripts. Many break-even analyses do not tell you how to account for the costs of manual script production plus for the incremental costs of added automation. What I will explain is how we can bring the cost curve down for
|The Real Costs and Benefits of Test Automation||73.9 KB|