Using Test Oracles in Automation

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Summary:
When we design a test we identify what needs to be verified. A set of expected result values are needed for each test in order to check the actual results. Generation of expected results is often done using a mechanism called a test oracle. This paper describes the purpose and use of oracles in automated software verification and validation. Several relevant characteristics of oracles are included with the advantages, disadvantages, and implications for test automation.

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