An equation is a mathematical statement such that the expression on the left
side of the equals sign (=) has the same value as the expression on the right side.
An example of an equation is - 20 - (- 60) = 40.

One of the terms in an equation may not be know and needs to be determined. Often
this unknown term is represented by a letter such as x. (e.g. - 20 + x = 40).

The solution of an equation is finding the value of the unknown x. To find the
value of x we can use the subtractive equation property which says: The two sides of an
equation remain equal if the same number is subtracted from each side. We may also use
the additive equation property which says: The two sides of an equation remain equal
if the same number is added to each side.

Example:

x - (- 50) = 40

x + 50 = 40

x + 50 - 50 = 40 - 50

x + 0 = - 10

x = - 10

Check the answer by substituting the answer ( - 10) back into the equation.

- 10 - ( - 50) = 40